Also assimilation, of lesbians into conventional society. The presence that is visible of within the technology industry plus in digitally mediated spaces raises a couple of questions regarding the partnership between queer identities and online technologies. This introduction to a unique dilemma of Journal of Lesbian Studies explores many of these questions and offers a synopsis for the articles that follow.
The Lesbians whom Tech Summit drew women—most of these queer technology workers—to ny City in very early September 2017. Leanne Pittsford began Lesbians whom Tech in 2012 as a result towards the not enough presence of females, and specially lesbians, when you look at the technology industry. Lesbians whom Tech is currently an organization that is 20,000-member smoke cam chapters in over 40 towns around the globe, which range from Boston to Melbourne, supplying networking and help. Pittsford, a woman that is white founded the company, makes certain that 50% associated with the Summit’s speakers are females of color, plus the occasion emphasizes it welcomes gender-non-conforming and trans females. In so doing, Lesbians whom Tech accomplishes a variety that numerous businesses and seminars, from technology to academia, are not able to attain. Heralded being an antidote to your maleness that is overwhelming straightness, and Whiteness on most tech conferences, one author proclaimed: “You would you like to see intersectionality in training? Head to a Lesbians Who Tech Summit” (Rizzo, 2016 ).
But, the increase of a visibly lesbian technology company during the exact exact exact same governmental minute of increasing acceptance and assimilation for lesbians shows a couple of questions regarding exactly exactly exactly how electronic news technologies are reshaping lesbian communities that few have actually wrestled with when you look at the literature that is scholarly. Exactly what does the increase for the Internet that is popular mean lesbian identities and relationships? So how exactly does the multiplicity of queer identities encapsulated into the codes of “butch and femme” have translated to online areas being predicated upon binaries of zeroes and people? Just how do Ebony lesbians negotiate the usually aggressive and aggressively White, male, heteronormative areas of massive, multiplayer games? So how exactly does the performative artistic culture that is digital a narrative from lesbians about their intimate selves? How has dating changed for lesbians within the era that is digital of matchmaking? There are numerous more concerns become raised about lesbians and electronic news technologies, however these are simply a few of the concerns addressed right right right here.
This themed problem of Journal of Lesbian Studies centers around digital media technologies and their effect on the resided and social experiences of lesbians, queer, and gender-non-conforming females.
The articles that follow result from writers composing across an amount of procedures and in regards to a range that is wide of platforms. Every one talks to a specific vector of lesbian identities and experience because they are mediated through electronic platforms.
Lesbians have actually defined as butch and femme for longer than a century, however these identities refract through the community that is lesbian complex methods, more salient for a few compared to other people (Rothblum, 2010 ). Today, these identities are now being articulated online in many different brand brand new means, which Faithe Day assumes on in “Between Butch/Femme: regarding the Efficiency of Race, Gender, and sex in a YouTube Web Series. ” In this specific article, examines two web series, “Between Women” and “The Peculiar Kind, ” created by and for queer women of color day. She analyzes the performance of masculinity and femininity together with part of visibility/invisibility when you look at the construction of a identity that is sexual. While femme queers could be “hidden in plain sight, ” the gender performance of masculine-presenting ladies is complicated by way of a type or sort of hypervisibility. Day explores the methods for which a politics of recognition plays away when you look at the representation of queer identification in digital news.
Every week, a calculated 155 million individuals into the United States play online video gaming for at the very least three hours, and two-thirds of households have a game system, which makes it an industry that is 13-billion-dollar.
The Microsoft game system Xbox has become the popular (Lofgren, 2016 ). Xbox reside allows for real-time interaction that is social players, plus in this massive, multiplayer community, an important quantity of individual identification is provided aesthetically (video), verbally (sound), and/or through non-verbal cues (avatar, gamertag, etc.). Kishonna Gray uses up the interplay of identification and community inside her article, “Gaming Out on the web: Ebony Lesbian Identity developing and Community Building in Xbox Live. ” Through in-depth interviews with gamers, Gray discovers that Black lesbian gamers are susceptible to oppression that is daily, however limited by, racism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism. As a result of the inequalities they encounter, they’ve segregated on their own through the bigger video gaming community and play through the margins that are digital. This ghettoization reveals their not enough link with the bigger Xbox community, even though it simultaneously solidifies their ties that are affective one another and to supportive allies inside the area. Gray assesses the truth of a Black lesbian video gaming community inside a platform that devalues their presence.