Mental Disease and Addiction: Facts and Statistics

Mental Disease and Addiction: Facts and Statistics

The terms illness that is”mental and “addiction” refer to an array of disorders that affect mood, thinking and behaviour. These include despair, anxiety problems and schizophrenia, along with substance usage problems and issue gambling. Mental addiction and illness could be connected with stress and/or disability of functioning. Signs differ from mild to extreme.

With appropriate support and treatment, a lot of people will recover.


  • In every provided 12 months, 1 in 5 Canadians experiences a psychological disease or addiction issue. 1
  • Because of the time Canadians reach 40 years old, 1 in 2 have—or have had—a illness that is mental. 1

Who’s impacted?

  • 70% of psychological state dilemmas have actually their beginning during adolescence or childhood. 2
  • Young adults aged 15 to 24 are more inclined to experience illness that is mental substance usage problems than just about any other age bracket. 3
  • 34% of Ontario high-school pupils suggest a level that is moderate-to-serious of stress (apparent symptoms of anxiety and despair). 14% indicate a level that is serious of stress. 35
  • Guys have actually higher prices of addiction than females, while females have greater prices of anxiety and mood disorders. 3
  • Mental and health that is physical connected. Individuals with a long-term condition that is medical as chronic discomfort are a lot very likely to also experience mood problems. Conversely, people who have a mood condition are in a lot higher threat of developing a long-lasting condition that is medical. 36
  • Individuals with a psychological infection are twice as prone to have substance use issue set alongside the population that is general. At the very least 20percent of individuals by having a psychological disease have actually a co-occurring substance use issue. 4 if you have schizophrenia, the quantity could be up to 50%. 5
  • Likewise, people who have substance usage issues are as much as three times very likely to have illness that is mental. A lot more than 15% of individuals having a substance use issue have co-occurring illness that is mental. 4
  • Canadians when you look at the cheapest earnings team are three or four times much more likely compared to those when you look at the highest earnings team to report poor to fair psychological state. 6
  • Studies in a variety of Canadian towns and cities suggest that between 23% and 67% of homeless individuals report having a psychological infection. 7

Morbidity and mortality

  • Mental infection is really a leading reason for impairment in Canada. 8,9,10
  • People who have psychological disease and addictions are more inclined to die prematurely compared to the basic populace. Psychological infection can cut 10 to twenty years from a life expectancy that is person’s. 11
  • The condition burden of psychological disease and addiction in Ontario is 1.5 times more than all cancers come up with and much more than 7 times compared to all diseases that are infectious. This can include years resided with not as much as full function and years lost to early death. 12
  • Tobacco, the absolute most commonly utilized addicting substance, is the best reason behind untimely mortality in Canada. Smoking cigarettes is in charge of nearly 17% of all of the fatalities. 13

    Among Ontarians aged 25 to 34, 1 of each and every 8 fatalities relates to opioid usage. 14

Committing Suicide

  • About 4,000 Canadians per 12 months die by suicide—an average of nearly 11 suicides every day. 15 It impacts folks of all many years and backgrounds.
  • For a per-capita foundation, committing suicide prices in Canada take a trend that is downward. They peaked in 1983 at 15.1 fatalities per 100,000 individuals (in comparison to 11.0 per 100,000 in 2016—the year that is latest which is why these information can be found). 15, 16
  • In Ontario about 2% of adults and 14% of high-school students report having seriously contemplated committing committing suicide into the previous year. 4% of high-school students report having tried committing committing suicide. 17,35
  • Significantly more than 75percent of suicides include guys, but ladies try committing committing suicide three or four times more frequently. 15,17
  • Over fifty percent of suicides include individuals aged 45 or older. 19
  • In 2016, committing suicide taken into account 19percent of fatalities among youth aged 10 to 14, 29% among youth aged 15 to 19, and 23% among adults aged 20-24. 19
  • After accidents, it’s the second cause that is leading of for folks aged 15-24. 15
  • First countries youth die by committing committing suicide about 5 to 6 times more regularly than non-Aboriginal youth. Suicide prices for Inuit youth are one of the greatest on earth, at 11 times the nationwide average. 20


In accordance with a 2008 study: 21

  • Simply 50% of Canadians would tell buddies or co-workers they own a relative by having a psychological disease, when compared with 72% who does talk about an analysis of cancer and 68% who does speak about a member of family having diabetic issues.

    42% of Canadians were not sure if they would socialize with a buddy who has got an illness that is mental.

  • 55% of Canadians said they might be not likely to enter a spousal relationship with anyone who has an illness that is mental.
  • 46% of Canadians thought people make use of the term psychological infection as a reason for bad behavior, and 27% stated they might be afraid to be around somebody who is suffering from severe illness that is mental.
  • 57% of Canadians think that the stigma connected with psychological infection happens to be paid down in comparison to five years ago.
  • 81% tend to be more mindful of psychological state issues in comparison to 5 years ago.
  • 70% think attitudes about psychological state problems have actually changed for the better when compared with 5 years ago.

But stigma continues to be a barrier:

  • 64% of Ontario employees is concerned with exactly just exactly how work could be impacted in case a colleague possessed an illness that is mental. 21
  • 39% of Ontario employees suggest if they were experiencing a mental health problem that they would not tell their managers. 21
  • 40% of participants up to a 2016 study consented they will have skilled emotions of anxiety or despair but never desired help that is medical it. 35